Saudi Arabia’s rich geoheritage is an intrinsic part of its physical landscape and biodiversity. Aramco aims to protect and preserve the Kingdom’s geological outcrops — rocks that are exposed, or “crop out” at the surface, acting as signposts to what’s hidden underneath.
Formed in ancient seas, lakes, and rivers, and shaped by wind and water over 60 million years, these outcrops tell us about geological structures, rock types, and past processes. They made it possible for Aramco’s early geologists of the 1930s to map layers of rock below the surface. This enabled them to compare rock formations with oil producing reservoirs in neighboring Bahrain, helping them find the Kingdom’s precious oil and gas resources. Aramco geoscientists still use outcrops today to help the company make new discoveries and operate resources more sustainably.
Aramco aims to protect and preserve 139 geological outcrops in its operational areas and 268 sites across the Kingdom through media campaigns, signage, and education. It is also designating the outcrops as biodiversity protection areas to support the habitat of native animals such as Arabian red foxes.