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Digital technologies

Digital transformation is blurring the lines between the physical, digital, and biological spheres.

Digital transformation is blurring the lines between the physical, digital and biological spheres. From cloud computing, to Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Big Data, technologies of the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR) are shaping every aspect of our lives.

In the oil and gas industry, digital transformation is revolutionizing how we supply energy to the world. By deploying a range of 4IR technologies across our business, we aim to meet the world’s energy needs while enhancing productivity, reducing CO2 emissions, and creating next-generation products and materials.

Digital transformation technologies

Some of the technologies utilized in oil and gas include:

Artificial intelligence

Is a wide-ranging term to describe the use of computers, robots and other machines to autonomously perform tasks that traditionally required human intelligence. One common form of AI in the oil and gas industry is the use of intelligent algorithms to analyze operational data, extract insights, and then automatically implement process improvements to increase efficiency. We have developed an in-house, AI-powered safety product — the i4Safety 2.0 Hazard & Incident Prediction tool — which leverages historical data to predict potential on-site incidents and hazards, allowing us to increase safety and efficiency in our operations.

The Dammam7 supercomputer


Is a digital ledger for recording information that makes it difficult or impossible to hack or change. Blockchain can be used to reconcile smart contracts, which are secure, self-executing digital contracts, that automatically execute all or parts of an agreement with a vendor once certain conditions have been fulfilled. Blockchain also provides a secure method of storing records and exchanging documents. We deployed blockchain at oil fields and refineries to improve performance and reconcile smart contracts with our vendors. For this, Aramco has been recognized by Forbes as an early adopter of this technology.

Digital Twin

A Digital Twin is a virtual model of integrated digital solutions designed to provide a real-time representation of physical assets, such as an object, system, or process. Digital Twins enable us to transform many of our business processes, including project engineering design, construction execution planning, supply chain and materials handling, and facility operations and maintenance. The Company has already deployed the Digital Twin technology in our Hasbah field, and we aim to scale up its implementation across our engineering and project management organizations.

Robotic Process Automation (RPA)

Is a software robot, or bot, developed to automate human tasks and functions, which provides a number of benefits including improved customer experience, service quality, team productivity, efficiency, and cost reduction. We are in the early stages of researching the potential of RPA technology to automate a significant number of manhours and free up staff for more important and engaging tasks.


Provides an inexpensive, scalable, and agile digital platform for hosting and running 4IR technologies. Using cloud services can significantly reduce a company’s capital expenditure on computer hardware and equipment, while also making its digital storage, maintenance, and cyber security solutions more cost-effective. We utilized cloud computing to create a solution that optimizes supply chain processes. Our cloud-based platform solution, eMarketPlace, aims to deliver crucial digital capabilities across supply chains in the Kingdom.

IoT and IIoT

The Internet of Things and the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) are systems of interrelated computing devices and machines that are connected digitally to enhance everyday life or manage and improve industrial processes. IoT sensors in the oil and gas industry are used to gather real-time data from an oil well which can be combined with digital analytics and self-diagnostic tools to automatically monitor and optimize the well’s performance. We developed a new technology that is able to detect gas using electro-chemical sensors. Called Smart Gas Detector, this tool utilizes IIoT technology to deliver high-performing self-diagnostics compared to conventional detectors.

Robotics & Drones

Robotic automation, and the use of Unmanned Vehicles (UVs), enable safer and more efficient inspection capabilities and the early detection of leaks. UVs can also support aerial mapping, underwater welding, environmental monitoring, and the inspections of assets such as offshore pipelines in hard-to-access locations. Our Shallow Water Inspection and Monitoring Robot (SWIM-R) provides solutions to many challenges faced in the industry, such as inspecting pipelines in shallow waters. SWIM-R enables the inspection of these shallow water pipelines safely and efficiently while reducing the associated time and cost.

Our Research and Development (R&D) Center’s Shallow Water Inspection and Monitoring Robot (SWIM-R)

Virtual/Augmented Reality

Virtual or augmented reality hands-free helmets provide our workforce with real-time data and 3D video insights. VR and AR can also be used to enhance employee safety and training programs. Our Digital Helmets utilize AR features to connect field workers to other employees, enabling effective and real-time interaction and collaboration.


3D printing

Which is also known as additive manufacturing, is a way of creating a three-dimensional object, layer by layer, using a computer-created design. 3D printing can be used to simplify the production of complex components and prototypes, while also enabling replacements to be manufactured in remote locations. Our iktva program helped support the establishment of the Kingdom’s first additive manufacturing center  a cutting-edge facility that 3D prints a wide range of products for industrial uses. 


AI and Big Data

Artificial Intelligence (AI) — the rapidly-evolving ability of computers, robots and other machines to make decisions.
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Digital Transformation

We are dedicated to digital transformation in the oil and gas industry.

Our digital innovation centers

Aramco’s Innovation Centers play an important role in the Company’s Digital Transformation.